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About 300 people with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are evaluated in MD Anderson's Leukemia Center each year, making our program one of the most active in the nation.

About 300 people with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are evaluated in MD Anderson's Leukemia Center each year, making our program one of the most active in the nation.

Dr. Guillermo Garcia-Manero is a world renowned expert on diagnosis and treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes, including aplastic anemia.

MD Anderson is a big organization, but it’s welcoming and it makes you feel safe.

Sandy Bobet


A team of some of the world's most renowned experts works together to give you personalized care, communicating closely with you and each other at every step. Your care team draws from a full range of the latest, most advanced treatments for myelodysplastic syndrome. Since long-term follow up care often is needed, we maintain a close relationship with your referring physician.

And at MD Anderson you're surrounded by the strength of one of the nation's largest and most experienced comprehensive cancer centers, which has all the support and wellness services needed to treat the whole person – not just the disease.

Pioneering Advancements

Over the past few years, the care of patients with MDS and the understanding of this disease have improved significantly. This has resulted in the development of new therapies, many of which were studied extensively at MD Anderson, including decitabine (Dacogen®) and azacitidine (Vidaza®), which now are considered standard of care. Our researchers also have been instrumental in finding out how the disease begins on a molecular basis and how to determine potential outlooks.

At MD Anderson's Leukemia Center, you benefit from one of the most active research programs in the United States. This means we are able to offer a range of clinical trials (research studies) of new treatments for myelodysplastic syndrome.


Understanding a disease is the first step toward finding the right care. Get the facts about myelodysplastic syndrome, including the different types, how it starts and who’s at risk.

Myelodysplastic syndrome facts

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Most cancers have the same symptoms as other, less serious conditions. Still, it’s important to know the signs.

Myelodysplastic syndrome symptoms


Blood tests, imaging exams and even surgical procedures are used to check for cancer.

Myelodysplastic syndrome diagnosis


Common cancer treatments include chemotherapy, radiation treatment and surgery. Doctors select a treatment plan based on your diagnosis and disease stage.

Myelodysplastic syndrome treatment

Clinical Trials

MD Anderson patients have access to clinical trials offering promising new treatments that cannot be
found anywhere else.

Knowledge Center

Find the latest news and information about myelodysplastic syndrome in our Knowledge Center, including blog posts, articles, videos, news releases and more.


Talk to someone who shares your cancer diagnosis and be matched with a survivor.

Prevention & Screening

Many cancers can be prevented with lifestyle changes and regular screening.


MD Anderson has licensed social workers to help patients and their loved ones cope with cancer.

BY MD Anderson

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) survivor Rani Kabra and her husband, Tej, cried as they crossed the finish line together at the 2014 BP MS 150 bike ride on April 13.   When Rani received her MDS diagnosis in 1998, the couple thought their days together were numbered. They never dreamed they'd one day pedal a tandem bicycle 150 miles from Houston to Austin.   But the same positive attitude that empowered Rani to beat cancer...