Cervical cancer screening exams help find cervical cancer at an early stage. When found early, the chances for successfully treating the disease are greatest.
Along with regular exams, practice awareness. This means you should be familiar with your body. That way you’ll notice changes, like irregular bleeding or discharge. Then, report them to your doctor without delay.
Make sure you get a well-woman checkup every year even if you don’t need a screening exam. If you’ve had the HPV vaccine, you still need to be screened.
The screening recommendations below apply to most women.
Age 21 to 29
- Pap test every three years
Age 30 to 64
- Pap test and human papillomavirus (HPV) test every five years (MD Anderson preferred), OR
- Pap test every three years
Age 65 or older
You may not need additional exams if you’ve had no unusual Pap or HPV test results in the past 10 years. Discuss this with your doctor.
Exams for women who have had a hysterectomy
If you’ve have had a hysterectomy, but have not had cervical cancer or severe cervical dysplasia, you should:
- Speak with your doctor about whether you should continue screening if your hysterectomy included removal of the cervix.
- Get a Pap test and HPV test every five years if your hysterectomy didn’t include removal of the cervix.
Exams for women at increased risk
Women at increased risk have a higher chance of getting cervical cancer.
This doesn’t mean you’ll definitely get cancer. But, you may need to start screening at an earlier age, get additional tests or be tested more often. You’re at increased risk for cervical cancer if you fall under one or more of these groups.
- History of severe cervical dysplasia, which is a pre-cancerous condition
- Persistent HPV infection after age 30
- An immune system that doesn’t function properly, such as organ transplant recipients and those taking medications to suppress their immune system
- History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure before birth
Suspect you may be at increased risk? Print and share MD Anderson’s cervical cancer screening chart with your doctor.
Exams for women who’ve had cervical cancer
If you’ve had cervical cancer, you need a different plan to check for cancer recurrence.
Print and share MD Anderson’s cervical cancer survivorship chart with your doctor. Your doctor can use this chart to develop a more tailored plan for you.
The screening plans on this page apply to women expected to live for at least 10 years. They’re not for women who have a health condition that may make it hard to diagnose or treat cervical cancer.
Cancer screening exams can detect cancer early, when the chances for successfully treating the disease are greatest.
Due to our response to COVID-19, all blood donations at MD Anderson
Blood Donor Center locations are being held by appointment only.