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Acoustic Neuroma Treatment

If you are diagnosed with acoustic neuroma, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:

  • The size and location of the tumor
  • Your age
  • Your general health
  • Your hearing
  • Your preference

Your acoustic neuroma treatment will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended.


Like all surgeries, acoustic neuroma surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure. MD Anderson’s surgeons are among the most experienced in the nation in surgery to treat acoustic neuromas.

Surgery for acoustic neuromas is complex and delicate, and it requires a team of experts from several specialties.

Surgical approaches include:

  • Through the mastoid bone (translabyrinthine)
  • Behind the ear (retrosigmoid)
  • Above the ear (middle fossa)

Your physician will recommend the best type of surgery for your specific condition. Hearing preservation approaches are available for some carefully selected patients most likely to benefit from the procedure.

Gamma Knife radiosurgery

Observation with serial imaging

Sometimes called watchful waiting, this approach may be used for some patients with slow-growing tumors. It includes careful observation and periodic MRIs.

Clinical Trials

MD Anderson patients have access to clinical trials offering promising new treatments that cannot be
found anywhere else.

Knowledge Center

Find the latest news and information about acoustic neuroma in our Knowledge Center, including blog posts, articles, videos, news releases and more.


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Prevention and Screening

Many cancers can be prevented with lifestyle changes and regular screening.