If you are diagnosed with acoustic neuroma, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:
- The size and location of the tumor
- Your age
- Your general health
- Your hearing
- Your preference
Your acoustic neuroma treatment will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended.
Like all surgeries, acoustic neuroma surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure. MD Anderson’s surgeons are among the most experienced in the nation in surgery to treat acoustic neuromas.
Surgery for acoustic neuromas is complex and delicate, and it requires a team of experts from several specialties.
Surgical approaches include:
- Through the mastoid bone (translabyrinthine)
- Behind the ear (retrosigmoid)
- Above the ear (middle fossa)
Your physician will recommend the best type of surgery for your specific condition. Hearing preservation approaches are available for some carefully selected patients most likely to benefit from the procedure.
Observation with serial imaging
Sometimes called watchful waiting, this approach may be used for some patients with slow-growing tumors. It includes careful observation and periodic MRIs.