If HPV is sexually transmitted, why do preteen boys and girls need to be vaccinated?
The vaccine provides the best immune response at this age. Also, once you get the virus, the vaccine is less effective. So it's important for males and females to get the vaccine before they become sexually active. Two shots are needed before age 15. After age 15, three shots are necessary for the vaccine to be effective.
What are the risks of the HPV vaccine?
The HPV vaccine is safe and effective. Side effects may include the same side effects as any shot: temporary pain or swelling at the injection site and dizziness. No research links the HPV vaccine to earlier or increased sexual activity in boys or girls.
Is there a cure for the HPV virus?
There is no cure for the HPV virus. However, you can vaccinate yourself and your
children against the virus.
Can women be tested for the HPV virus?
Yes. Beginning at age 30, women should be screened for the HPV virus every five years, at the same as their Pap test. Women who choose not to get screened for HPV should get a Pap test every three years, even if they have been vaccinated against HPV.
Can men be tested for the HPV virus?
What are the symptoms of HPV infection?
Some strains of HPV can cause genital and anal warts. These are not the same strains that cause cancer. HPV doesn't have any other symptoms.
How old is too old for the HPV vaccine?
The two-dose vaccine is most effective when given at age 11-12, before a person is exposed to HPV. Beginning at age 15 and up to age 45, males and females require three doses for the vaccine to be effective. The vaccine is not recommended for adults age 46 and older.
What cancers can HPV cause in men?
What cancers can HPV cause in women?
What types of HPV cause cancer?
There are about 150 types of HPV. The strains are divided into high-risk and low-risk. There are at least 12 high-risk strains of HPV. Two of those strains – 16 and 18 – cause the majority of HPV-related cancers. These can include cancers of the anus, cervix, penis, vagina and vulva. They can also cause cancers of the throat. Low-risk strains of HPV often disappear from the body on their own. They don't cause cancer, but they can cause warts in the genital or anal areas, and in the mouth and throat. Most of these warts are caused by strains 6 and 11.