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Parathyroid Disease Treatment

As one of the nation’s most active programs for the treatment of endocrine disorders, MD Anderson has a level of experience and skill that surpasses most other centers. This level of expertise can mean a higher likelihood of successful treatment.

Like all surgeries, parathyroid disease surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure.

MD Anderson surgeons are among the most skilled and recognized in the world. They perform a larger number of surgeries for parathyroid disease than most cancer centers, using the least-invasive and most-effective techniques.

Our Parathyroid Disease Treatments

If you are diagnosed with parathyroid disease, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including the type of disease and your general health. Your treatment for parathyroid disease will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.


The main treatment for parathyroid cancer is surgical removal of the parathyroid gland where the tumor is located. This is called a parathyroidectomy.

Open parathyroidectomy: The surgeon makes an incision (cut) in the neck and examines the parathyroid glands during surgery. Rarely, the abnormal gland(s) cannot be found and more extensive surgery is needed.

Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy: Some patients may be candidates for a minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. In this procedure, a fiber-optic scope is used to remove the parathyroid gland. This may mean a shorter hospital stay and easier recovery. If the abnormal parathyroid gland(s) cannot be found during this type of surgery, you may need an open parathyroidectomy.

Radiation Therapy

New radiation therapy techniques and remarkable skill allow MD Anderson doctors to target tumors more precisely, delivering the maximum amount of radiation with the least damage to healthy cells. Radiation therapy is sometimes used after surgery for parathyroid cancer, especially for patients at high risk of the cancer coming back or because cancer cells remain in the body after surgery.


Medication may be prescribed to reduce parathyroid hormone and control levels of calcium in blood.

Treatment at MD Anderson

Parathyroid disease is treated in our Endocrine Center.

Clinical Trials

MD Anderson patients have access to clinical trials offering promising new treatments that cannot be found anywhere else.

Knowledge Center

Find the latest news and information about parathyroid disease in our Knowledge Center, including blog posts, articles, videos, news releases and more.


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Prevention and Screening

Many cancers can be prevented with lifestyle changes and regular screening.