The Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) rapidly assesses the severity of pain and its impact on functioning. The BPI has been translated into dozens of languages, and it is widely used in both research and clinical settings.
The BPI is available in two formats: the BPI short form, which is used for clinical trials and is the version used for the foreign-language translations; and the BPI long form, which contains additional descriptive items that may be clinically useful (for example, items that expand the possible descriptors of pain, such as burning, tingling, etc.). For brevity’s sake and for the patient’s ease of use, we recommend the short form of the BPI.
In response to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance for the pharmaceutical industry on the use of patient-reported outcome measures in medical product development to support labeling claims, we have prepared a BPI User's Guide to document the BPI's development and psychometric properties. The information offered therein addresses the recommendations in the FDA guidance and establishes the BPI's adequacy as a measure to support medical product claims.
Order the BPI
Use our convenient online form to order the BPI for use in your clinical research, clinical practice, funded and non-funded academic research, commercial research, or reproduction in educational materials or other publications.
The BPI comes in a short form and a long form. The short form has been validated for use with several non-cancer conditions.
- Purpose: To assess the severity of pain and the impact of pain on daily functions
- Population: Patients with pain from chronic diseases or conditions such as cancer, osteoarthritis and low back pain, or with pain from acute conditions such as postoperative pain
- Assessment areas: Severity of pain, impact of pain on daily function, location of pain, pain medications and amount of pain relief in the past 24 hours or the past week
- Responsiveness: Responds to both behavioral and pharmacological pain interventions
- Method: Self-report or interview
- Time required: Five minutes (short form), 10 minutes (long form)
- Scoring: No scoring algorithm, but "worst pain" or the arithmetic mean of the four severity items can be used as measures of pain severity; the arithmetic mean of the seven interference items can be used as a measure of pain interference
- Reliability: Cronbach alpha reliability ranges from 0.77 to 0.91
Click on a linked language to view a sample in PDF format.
Don't see a language you need? Contact us at email@example.com.
|Psychometrically and Linguistically Validated||Linguistically Validated|
* A linguistically validated version of the BPI Long Form is available in this language.
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