Prostate cancer often shows no symptoms in the early stages. If symptoms do appear, they can vary from man to man. Since the prostate is close to the bladder and surrounds the urethra, which empties the bladder, most symptoms involve urination.
Symptoms of prostate cancer may include:
- Inability to urinate or difficulty in starting to urinate
- Trouble emptying the bladder completely
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Painful or burning urination
- Difficulty trying to hold back urination
- Frequent or urgent need to urinate
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Difficulty having or maintaining an erection
- Continual pain in the bones, including in lower back, pelvis, hips or thighs. This is typically only experienced by patients with metastatic prostate cancer.
These symptoms do not always mean you have prostate cancer. Sometimes, the part of the prostate around the urethra may keep growing, causing a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While BPH needs to be treated, it is not prostate cancer. Other non-cancerous conditions could also cause these symptoms, so it is important to discuss them with your doctor.
Some cases of prostate cancer can be passed down from one generation to the next. Genetic counseling may be right for you. Learn more about the risk to you and your family on our genetic testing page.
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