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Bone Cancer Prevention and Screening

Bone Cancer Screening

Screening tests are important ways to find cancer if you are at risk but do not have symptoms. Unfortunately, no standardized screening tests have been shown to improve bone cancer outcomes.

If you are concerned about inherited family syndromes that cause bone cancer, we offer advanced genetic testing to let you know your risk.

Bone Cancer Risk Factors

Anything that increases your chance of getting bone cancer is a risk factor. However, having risk factors does not mean you will get bone cancer. In fact, most people who develop bone cancer do not have any risk factors. If you have risk factors, it’s a good idea to discuss them with your health care provider.

Teenagers and young adults are at greatest risk of developing osteosarcoma, a type of bone cancer, because it often is associated with growth spurts. Some diseases that run in families can slightly increase the risk of bone cancer. These include:

  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Rothmund-Thompson syndrome
  • Retinoblastoma (an eye cancer of children)
  • Multiple osteochondromas

Other risk factors for bone cancer include:

  • Paget’s disease
  • Prior radiation therapy for cancer, especially treatment at a young age or with high doses of radiation
  • Bone marrow transplant

Call 1-877-632-6789 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.

Why Choose MD Anderson?

  • Most-active bone cancer program in the nation
  • Outstanding outcomes for bone cancer treatment
  • Innovative bone cancer therapies, including specialized surgical techniques
  • Accurate diagnosis, advanced technology and expertise
  • Clinical trials of new treatments for bone cancer

Bone Cancer Knowledge Center

Treatment at MD Anderson

Bone cancer (osteosarcoma) is treated in our:

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Bone Cancer Prevention

The exact cause of most bone cancers is not known. There are no known lifestyle changes to lower the risk of developing bone cancer.

Research shows that many cancers can be prevented. Visit the Prevention section of our website to find out steps you can take to avoid cancer.


© 2014 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center