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The specialty of molecular genetics embraces:

  • The role of genetics in medicine
  • Mendelian genetics
  • Multifactorial inheritance
  • DNA structure
  • Chromosome structure
  • Population genetics
  • Mutation rates
  • Ethnicity of disease
  • Genetic mapping

At work in the laboratory molecular genetic technologists apply a comprehensive knowledge of cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and pedigree analysis. As professionals they study inherited disease — through examination of genetic mutations in the hemoglobinopathies, enzymopathies and various structural proteins — and they understand the relationship between the molecular defect and its clinical pathology.

Molecular genetic technologists also learn the latest, newest methodologies and topics in genetics, such as:

  • DNA microarrays
  • Human Genome Project
  • Transgenic animals
  • Cloning
  • Gene therapy
  • Forensic medicine
  • DNA sequencing


Please see the School of Health Professions Student Catalog for a review of the objectives of the Program in Molecular Genetic Technology. The review concludes with a description of career options.


According to the salary survey conducted by Academic Affairs at MD Anderson Cancer Center, the average starting salary for a staff molecular genetic technologist is $42,000 to $46,000.

© 2015 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center