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Testicular Cancer Prevention and Screening

Testicular Cancer Screening

Cancer screening exams are important medical tests done when you’re at risk but don’t have symptoms. They help find cancer at its earliest stage, when the chances for successful treatment are highest.

Unfortunately, no standardized screening tests have been shown to improve testicular cancer outcomes. However, here at MD Anderson, we’re working to develop screening tests for those at risk.

Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves, either unintentionally or through self-examination. If you notice anything unusual about your testicles, be sure to consult a doctor. Examination of the testicles should be part of your annual physical exam.

Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

Anything that increases your chance of getting testicular cancer is a risk factor. These include:

  • Age: Most cases occur between the ages of 15 and 40, and testicular cancer is the type of cancer found most often in men ages 20 to 34
  • Race: White men are 5 to 10 times more likely to develop testicular cancer than men of other races
  • Family or personal history of testicular cancer
  • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism): Men with testicles that did not move down into the scrotum before birth are at increased risk. Men who had surgery to correct this condition are still at high risk of testicular cancer.
  • Abnormal testicular development
  • Klinefelter's syndrome: A sex chromosome disorder characterized by low levels of male hormones, sterility, breast enlargement, and small testes.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or AIDS
  • Previous treatment for testicular cancer

Not everyone with risk factors gets testicular cancer. However, if you have risk factors, it’s a good idea to discuss them with your doctor.

If you have been diagnosed with testicular cancer, we’re here to help. Call 1-877-632-6789 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.

Why Choose MD Anderson?

  • World-renowned surgeons with special expertise in testicular cancer treatment; advanced surgical procedures, including nerve-sparing techniques
  • Integrated approach and personalized care for testicular cancer
  • Latest reconstruction and prosthetic techniques
  • Dose-dense chemotherapy and stem cell transplant
  • Clinical trials of new therapies for testicular cancer

Testicular Cancer Knowledge Center

Treatment at MD Anderson

Testicular cancer is treated in our:

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Testicular Cancer Prevention

Research shows that many cancers can be prevented. Visit the Prevention section of our website to find out steps you can take to avoid cancer.


© 2014 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center