MD Anderson's Gynecologic Oncology Center focuses an incredible level of expertise and experience on each patient with uterine cancer. From diagnosis through treatment and follow-up, your care is personalized and designed especially for you.
Teams of some of the nation's top uterine cancer experts consider all the options, and then they recommend the most-advanced therapies with the least impact on your body. They have at their fingertips the latest technology and techniques, backed by one of the leading uterine cancer research programs in the United States.
Personalized Uterine Cancer Care
Your treatment team, which may include medical, surgical and radiation oncologists; gynecologists; pathologists; and diagnostic radiologists, collaborates and communicates each step of the way. A specially trained staff with experience in caring for women with uterine cancer supports the team.
Surgery often is part of the treatment for uterine cancer. At MD Anderson, our highly specialized surgeons are among the most experienced and skillful in the country. In many cases, they are able to perform minimally invasive surgeries for uterine cancer. These procedures may help lessen the time it takes you to heal and the time you need to spend in the hospital.
Specialized Care, Research
At MD Anderson, we go beyond treating disease. We are dedicated to helping women who have been treated for uterine cancer get back to a healthy life. For instance, we offer special support groups just for women with uterine cancer.
In addition, we are working toward a better understanding of uterine cancer on a molecular basis. Our Gynecologic Genetics Clinic provides genetic counseling for women at risk of inherited cancer syndromes.
MD Anderson is proud to be one of the only cancer centers in the nation to house a $10 million federally funded uterine cancer SPORE (Specialized Program of Research Excellence) program. We're leading the way in uterine cancer research, which means we offer a variety of clinical trials of new therapies.
If you have been diagnosed with uterine cancer, we're here to help. Call 1-877-MDA-6789 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.
Why Choose MD Anderson?
- Latest uterine cancer treatment options, including minimally invasive surgery
- Focus on quality of life, including special support groups
- Teams of experts customize uterine cancer treatment
- Genetic counseling for women at high risk of uterine cancer
- Nationally recognized research program offers clinical trials of new uterine cancer treatments
Uterine Cancer Knowledge Center
Uterine Cancer Survivor Katherine Hale
"MD Anderson has been known for making cancer history. Well, seven years ago, they made my cancer history."
Uterine Cancer Facts
Uterine cancer, or cancer of the uterus (womb), also may be called endometrial cancer. It is the:
- Fourth most common cancer in women
- Most common cancer of women’s reproductive organs
Each year, more than 40,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with uterine cancer. The average age for diagnosis of uterine cancer is 60. However, the number of younger women with uterine cancer is going up. Of uterine cancers, about:
- 25% are found before women go through menopause
- 5% are found before women are 40 years old
Early Diagnosis is Key
Most uterine cancers develop over a period of years. They may start as less serious problems such as endometrial hyperplasia, which is an overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus.
Fortunately, many uterine cancers are found early because of warning signs such as abnormal or postmenopausal bleeding. If uterine cancer is found in the earliest stages, it often can be treated successfully.
Uterus Plays a Part in Reproduction
The uterus is where a fetus grows when a woman is pregnant. It is hollow and pear shaped with two main parts:
- The cervix, which is the bottom part and extends into the vagina (the birth canal)
- The body of the uterus is the upper part. It also may be called the corpus. It has two main parts:
- Muscle wall, which contracts when a woman has a baby
- Inner lining (endometrium)
When a woman menstruates (has a period), the endometrium becomes thicker. If she does not become pregnant, the new endometrial tissue goes out of the body as menstrual flow (blood). This happens about every month until a woman stops having periods. When a woman stops having periods it is called menopause (change of life).
Uterine Cancer Types
There are three types of uterine cancer.
Endometrial cancer: Almost all uterine cancers start in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). The two main types of endometrial cancer are:
- Endometroid adenocarcinoma: This accounts for most cases of endometrium cancer.
- Uterine carcinosarcoma: The cancer cells look like endometrium cancer and sarcoma.
Uterine sarcomas: These are less common types of uterine cancer and start in the muscle wall of the uterus.