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Ewing's Sarcoma

Ewing's sarcoma is a very rare form of bone cancer that strikes children and adolescents. Actually, it is a group of four different types of cancer, known collectively as the Ewing's family of tumors (EFT). About 250 cases are diagnosed every year in the U.S. The good news is that two-thirds of patients are long-term survivors of the disease. Although it can occur at a younger age, most Ewing's sarcoma cases are found in children aged 10 to 20. Caucasian children, particularly boys, are much more likely to have EFT than any other racial or ethnic group.

Ewing's sarcomas are caused by chromosome changes that occur after birth. In a process known as translocation, chromosomes 11 and 22 "swap" small pieces of each other, resulting in an abnormal gene that can be detected with DNA testing. However, it's not known why this translocation takes place. There are no identifiable risk factors that increase a child's susceptibility to Ewing's sarcomas, and it's not passed along from parent to child like some inherited childhood cancers. In fact, it's extremely rare for it to happen more than once in the same family.

If your child has been diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma, we’re here to help. Call 1-877-632-6789 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.

Why Choose MD Anderson?

  • The Children’s Cancer Hospital is within the No. 1 cancer center in America
  • Access to novel therapies and state-of-the-art technologies before most children’s hospitals
  • We see more types of cancer than any other children’s hospital in Texas
  • Family-centered care that actively involves parents in their child’s treatment
  • A strong cancer research program focused on developing new therapies for pediatric patients
  • Comprehensive support services such as an accredited school program, creative arts, child life and career counseling
  • An Adolescent and Young Adult Program that specializes in the unique medical and psychological needs of patients aged 15-25

Ewing's Sarcoma Knowledge Center

Treatment at MD Anderson

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