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Men: Cancer screening exams by age

Focused on Health - August 2013

by Adelina Espat

men health screeningTake this checklist to your next doctor’s appointment. Your doctor can help you develop a more tailored screening plan if needed.

These exams are for men at average risk of cancer. If you believe you may be more likely to develop cancer because of your personal or family medical history, visit our screening guidelines page to learn about exams for men at increased risk.

Ages 40-49

  • Beginning at age 40, you should speak with your doctor about the benefits and limitations of prostate screening.
  • If you choose prostate cancer screening, you should get a digital rectal exam and PSA test every year starting at age 45 to check for prostate cancer if you are African American or have a family history (father, brother, son) of prostate cancer.

Ages 50-75

  • If you choose prostate cancer screening, you should get a digital rectal exam and PSA test every year to check for prostate cancer
  • Colonoscopy every 10 years or virtual colonoscopy every 5 years to check for colorectal cancer

Age 76 and older

If you’re age 76 to 85, your doctor can help you decide if you should continue screening. MD Anderson does not recommend cancer screening for men age 85 and older.

All Ages

Speak with you doctor about cancer screening exams for lung and skin cancers. Exams are available for those at increased risk.

Regardless of your age, practice awareness.  This means you should be familiar with your body so you’ll notice changes and report them to your doctor without delay. 

Download a printable version of this checklist.

Did you know you can get your cancer screening exams along with a personalized prevention plan at MD Anderson’s Cancer Prevention Center? Schedule an appointment today by calling 713-745-8040.  

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© 2014 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center