Cancer treatment is constantly evolving as new drugs and new surgery and radiation therapy techniques are introduced. To help physicians follow current best practices when caring for their cancer patients, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center offers treatment algorithms for most types of cancer.
The cancer treatment algorithms reflect detailed, multidisciplinary approaches to patients’ diagnostic work-up, treatment according to disease stage, and ongoing surveillance. Treatment algorithms are available for the following disease types.
- Brain cancer: leptomeningeal, 1–3 metastatic lesions, more than 3 metastatic lesions, and diffuse glioma
- Breast cancer: invasive, noninvasive, Paget disease, phyllodes tumor, and breast cancer during pregnancy
- Gastrointestinal cancer: colon, esophageal, gastric, hepatocellular, pancreatic, and rectal
- Genitourinary cancer: bladder, prostate, renal, and testicular
- Gynecologic cancer: cervical, endometrial, and ovarian
- Head and neck cancer: larynx and oral cavity
- Leukemia: acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma, acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome
- Lung cancer: non–small cell and small cell
- Lymphoma: AIDS-related B cell, Burkitt and double-hit, diffuse large B cell, follicular (grades 1 and 2), gastric mucosa–associated lymphoid tissue, Hodgkin, mantle cell, non–gastric mucosa– associated lymphoid tissue, peripheral T cell, and primary mediastinal large B cell
- Melanoma: cutaneous
- Myeloma: multiple myeloma, solitary and extramedullary, plasmacytoma, and Waldenström macroglobulinemia
- Pediatric cancer: osteosarcoma
- Sarcoma: primary bone cancer and soft tissue (clinical stage III)
- Unknown primary cancer
The cancer treatment algorithms were developed by multidisciplinary teams of clinicians and researchers at MD Anderson. The algorithms are frequently updated, and some algorithms may be unavailable while revisions are being made. The algorithms are not a replacement for physicians’ clinical judgment but are intended to help physicians make evidence-based recommendations to their patients.
The cancer treatment algorithms are available at http://bit.ly/1Uzdyvr.
OncoLog, July 2016, Volume 61, Issue 7