A Phase IB, Open-label Pilot Study Designed to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of BL-8040 followed by Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (hATG), Cyclosporine and Methylprednisolone in Adult Subjects with Aplastic Anemia (AA) or Hypoplastic Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
Antithymocyte Globulin,BL-8040,CYCLOSPORIN A,Solumedrol
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if BL-8040 in combination with hATG, cyclosporine, and methylprednisolone can help to control aplastic anemia (AA) or hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The safety of this drug combination will also be studied.
Disease Group: Leukemia
Treatment Agent: Antithymocyte Globulin,BL-8040,CYCLOSPORIN A,Solumedrol
Treatment Location: Only at MDACC
Primary To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the treatment with BL-8040, hATG, cyclosporine, and methylprednisolone in patients with AA or Hypoplastic MDS. Secondary To assess the clinical efficacy (response rates) of the treatment with BL-8040, hATG, cyclosporine, and methylprednisolone in patients with AA or Hypoplastic MDS. To assess the time to response following treatment with the BL-8040 in addition to hATG, cyclosporine, and methylprednisolone. To assess the response duration and overall survival These two endpoint will be assessed during the study extended follow up following treatment with the BL-8040 in addition to hATG, cyclosporine, and methylprednisolone. To assess the change in blood product requirements compared to Baseline (number of transfusions per month compared to Baseline). Exploratory To assess additional pharmacodynamic parameters relevant to CXCR4 inhibition.
IRB Review and Approval Date: 02/02/2016
Recruitment Status: Open
Projected Accrual: N/A
1) Adult men and women aged 18 and older
2) Patient must have the ability to understand the requirements of the study and provide informed consent.
3) Patients with the diagnosis of severe AA, who are not currently candidates for an allogeneic stem cell transplant, fulfilling the following criteria: a) BM cellularity < 30% and b) Peripheral blood (PB) showing at least two of the following criteria: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 0.5 k/µL, Platelet count < 30 k/µL, Absolute reticulocyte count < 60,000/µL
4) Patients with recurrent/relapsed AA will be eligible for the trial as long as they were not previously refractory to hATG-based therapy and the relapse occurred > 3 months after response.
5) Patients with Hypoplastic MDS defined as MDS with marrow cellularity of: < 30% for patients < 60 years, < 20% for patients >/= 60yrs.
6) Patients must have been off of cytotoxic, immunosuppressive (except steroids), or targeted therapy, including standard and investigational treatments for AA, for at least 1 week or 5 half-lives whichever comes later, prior to entering this study, and have recovered from the toxic effects of that therapy to Grade 1 or less.
7) Adequate organ function as defined below: (1) Liver function: a) Total bilirubin < 2.0 mg/dL (34 µmol/L), b) AST and/or ALT <3 x ULN (2) Kidney function: creatinine < 2.5 x ULN.
8) ECOG performance status of </= 2.
9) Women of childbearing potential and all men must agree to use an approved form of contraception (e.g. oral, transdermal patch, implanted contraceptives, intrauterine device, diaphragm, condom, abstinence or surgical sterility) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation through 30 days after the last dose of the last treatment drug. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
10) Subject is able and willing to comply with the requirements of the protocol.
11) Subject or a legal guardian is able to voluntarily provide written informed consent.
1) Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the test compounds,
materials or contraindication to test product.
2) Patients who have had any major surgical procedure within 14 days of Day 1. BM biopsy is not considered a major surgical procedure.
3) Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the agents used in this study have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with these agents, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is being treated on this trial.
4) Seropositive for HIV antibodies (HIV1 and HIV2), Hepatitis C antibody (Hep C Ab) or a Hepatitis B carrier (positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]).
5) Life expectancy of </= 2 months.
6) Subjects with a clinically significant or unstable medical or surgical condition or any other condition that cannot be well-controlled by the allowed medications permitted in the study protocol that would preclude safe and complete study participation, as determined by medical history, physical examinations, ECG, laboratory tests or chest X-ray. Such conditions may include: Unstable cardiovascular conditions at Baseline including but not limited to: Symptomatic ischemia, or Uncontrolled clinically significant conduction abnormalities (e.g., ventricular tachycardia on antiarrhythmic agents are excluded; 1st degree atrioventricular (AV) block or asymptomatic left anterior fascicular block/right bundle branch block (LAFB/RBBB) will not be excluded); Congestive heart failure (CHF) NYHA Class >/= 3, or MI within 3 months.
7) Continued from #6 above: Presence of active, uncontrolled infection. Known central nervous system illness (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease). A gastrointestinal disorder that may affect the absorption of study medication. Use of alcohol or drug use that may interfere with the patient’s ability to participate in the study. Unstable psychiatric disorder that would render the patient unable to comply with study requirements. Any malignancies in the 3 years prior to Baseline, excluding basal cell carcinoma, in situ malignancy, low-risk prostate cancer, cervical cancer after curative therapy. A co-morbid condition that, in the Investigator’s opinion, renders the subject at high risk for treatment complications.
8) Unable to comply with study requirements in the opinion of the Investigator.
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