Phase II combination of lirilumab and nivolumab with 5-azacitidine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if lirilumab and Opdivo (nivolumab), alone or in combination with Vidaza (azacitidine), can help to control MDS. The safety of these drug combinations will also be studied.
Disease Group: Leukemia
Treatment Agent: Azacitidine,Lirilumab,Nivolumab
Treatment Location: Only at MDACC
Sponsor: Bristol Myers Squibb
Primary: To determine the safety of nivolumab and lirilumab, as single agents or in combination and with 5-azacitidine, in patients with MDS. Secondary: 1. To explore the clinical activity of nivolumab and lirilumab, as single agents or in combination and with 5-azacitidine, in patients with MDS including response, overall survival and progression free survival 2. To explore the biological activity of these compounds in patients with MDS.
IRB Review and Approval Date: 03/21/2016
Recruitment Status: Open
Projected Accrual: N/A
1) Patients with MDS (up to 20% blasts) of any risk. Patients with lower
risk MDS (low and int-1 by IPSS) could have received prior
non-hypomethylating agent therapy (ie growth factors or lenalidomide).
Patients with higher risk MDS (int-2 or high by IPSS) should not have
received prior therapy with a hypomethylating agent.
2) Age 18 years or older.
3) Adequate organ function: creatinine </=2.5 x ULN; serum bilirubin </=2.5 x ULN; AST and ALT </=2.5 x ULN.
4) ECOG performance status </=2.
5) Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result within 24 hours prior to the first dose of treatment and must agree to use an effective contraception to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug. Females of non- childbearing potential are those who are postmenopausal greater than 1 year or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or hysterectomy.
6) Males who have partners of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for 31 weeks after the last dose of nivolumab.
7) Patients or their legally authorized representative must provide written informed consent.
1) History of another primary invasive malignancy that has not been
definitively treated or in remission for at least 2 years. Patients with
non-melanoma skin cancers or with carcinomas in situ are eligible
regardless of the time from diagnosis (including concomitant diagnoses).
2) Any major surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, experimental therapy within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of the study drugs.
3) Patients with any other known concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes; cardiovascular disease including congestive heart failure NYHA Class III or IV, myocardial infarction within 6 months, and poorly controlled hypertension; chronic renal failure; or active uncontrolled infection) which, in the opinion of the investigator could compromise participation in the study.
4) Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol.
5) Patients who are on high dose steroid (ie prednisone or equivalent more than 10 mg a day) or immune suppression medications.
6) Patients with autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener’s Granulomatosis]).
7) Patients with a history of Inflammatory Bowel Disease such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
8) Patients known to be positive for hepatitis B surface antigen expression or with active hepatitis C infection (positive by polymerase chain reaction or on antiviral therapy for hepatitis C within the last 6 months) or with a history of HIV disease.
9) Current therapy with other systemic anti-neoplastic or anti-neoplastic investigational agents.
10) Females who are pregnant or lactating
11) Prior treatment with stem cell transplantation.
12) Prohibited Prior Treatments and/or Therapies: a) Prior therapy with an anti-KIR, anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1, antibody. b) Prior treatment regimens with any immune cell modulating antibody such as anti-CD137 and anti-OX40. However, prior anti-CTLA4 therapy is allowed if the last dose is 101 days or more from the first dose of study drug. c) Exposure to any other investigational drug within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug (within 101 days for anti-CTLA4 therapy). d) Any anti-cancer therapy (e.g., chemotherapy, biologics, vaccines, radiotherapy with curative intent, or hormonal treatment) within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug administration (within 101 days for anti-CTLA4 therapy administration.
13) Continued from #12: e) Use of non-oncology vaccines containing live virus for prevention of infectious diseases within 4 weeks prior to study drug. The use of the inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine (Fluzone®) is allowed. f) Systemic corticosteroid at immunosuppressive doses (> 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent), must be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment.
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