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Eye Cancer Prevention and Screening

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Screening tests may be able to find certain types of cancer if a person is at risk but does not have symptoms.

Unfortunately, no standardized screening tests have been shown to improve eye cancer outcomes. However, it is a good idea to have regular eye exams to look for early signs of cancer. If you have risk factors, you should see an ophthalmologist yearly.  

It is also important to see an eye specialist if you have:

  • Growths on your eyelids or on the surface of your eye
  • Bulging of the eye (proptosis)
  • Excessive tearing
  • Sudden onset of double vision or pain around the eye

If you have been diagnosed with eye cancer, we’re here to help. Call 1-877-632-6789 to make an appointment or request an appointment online.

Eye Cancer Risk Factors

Anything that increases your chance of getting eye cancer is a risk factor. Certain factors seem to increase the odds you might get cancer in the eye or on the eyelid or orbital area

  • Light skin and/or blue eyes
  • Exposure to sun or tanning salons may increase risk of carcinomas or melanomas on your eyelid
  • Exposure to certain viruses such as human papilloma virus (HPV) may increase the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of conjunctiva
  • Atypical mole and melanoma syndrome (AMS): Previously known as dysplastic nevus syndrome, AMS is characterized by large numbers of atypical moles.

Not everyone with these risk factors gets ocular cancers. However, if you have risk factors, it’s a good idea to discuss them with your health care provider.

Eye Cancer Prevention

Research shows that many cancers can be prevented if people applied everything known about cancer prevention to their lives. Visit the Prevention section of our website to find out steps you can take to avoid cancer.

Why Choose MD Anderson?

  • Latest eye cancer treatments, including specialized surgical techniques to remove cancer but save the eye, proton therapy, targeted therapies, advanced reconstructive surgery for eyelid and orbital cancer
  • Advanced diagnostic techniques including sentinel lymph node biopsy, ultrasound biomicroscopy, confocal biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT)
  • Skilled, highly specialized eye surgeons and reconstructive surgeons who have dedicated many years of their career to exclusively treat cancer
  • We treat more eye cancers than most centers
  • Team approach to treating eye cancers
  • Clinical trials of leading-edge treatments for eye cancer

Eye Cancer Knowledge Center

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Treatment at MD Anderson

Cancers of the eye are treated in our:

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