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BY Cynthia DeMarco

A lump in your breast can sometimes be a sign of breast cancer. It could also be a harmless cyst, or a temporary change in breast tissue caused by the natural hormonal fluctuations that occur during a menstrual cycle.

So, how do you know if a breast lump is cancerous? We asked three patients to share their experiences, then went to breast surgical oncologist Ana Paula Correa Refinetti, M.D., for more details. 

One size...

Torso shot of young person in gray 3/4 sleeve T-shirt palpating her left breast with both hands

BY Elise Raymund

In October 2020, Archna Chainani was diagnosed with stage IV triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), one of the most aggressive forms of breast...

BY Elise Raymund

Twenty-three years ago, Brenda Petru made a promise to her best friend, Sue, that she would continue fundraising for cancer research — no...

BY Cynthia DeMarco

Many women will experience a breast cyst at some point in their lives. Though they tend to be more common among women between the ages of 30 and 50, breast cysts can develop at any age.

So, what causes breast cysts? Is there any way to treat them? And how do you tell if a lump is breast cancer or just a cyst? 

We went to breast surgical oncologist Ana Paula Correa Refinetti, M.D., for answers.

What are breast...

Close-up view of two Black hands palpating their owner's breast beneath a white tank top

BY Feyama Ashby

Over the last few years, I’ve learned a lot about what makes MD Anderson No. 1 in the nation for cancer care. As a quality and compliance...

BY Sarah Zizinia

Christine Routledge was three months pregnant with her second child when routine bloodwork revealed something in her blood levels was off....

BY Molly Adams

Updated Oct. 31, 2022

As part of a complete breast cancer diagnosis, patients will learn their HER2 status. The human growth receptor...

BY Molly Adams

The human epidermal growth factor 2 – also known as HER2 – is a protein that tells human cells when to grow and when not to grow. Sometimes...

BY Ronda Wendler

The female hormone estrogen is “fuel” for about 80% of breast cancers in women who’ve gone through menopause. 

“Menopause itself...

BY Ronda Wendler

Hormones control nearly all of our bodily functions, from growth and development to emotions, sexual function and even sleep. But hormones...