Brachytherapy is a form of radiation therapy that implants tiny radioactive seeds directly into the prostate to kill cancer cells. The radiation dose is calculated to match exactly the size and shape of the patient's prostate, ensuring that the area receives the correct radiation dose while preventing unnecessary radiation to surrounding tissues.
Prostate brachytherapy is usually done as an outpatient procedure, and takes about an hour to perform. The patient is placed under general anesthesia, then the radioactive seeds are inserted into the prostate with a special needle, following a personalized treatment plan for placing the seeds. After the procedure, the patient can go home with no limitations to daily activity.
Expertise = Successful Treatment
MD Anderson has been performing prostate brachytherapy since 1998, and our treatment outcomes are remarkable. Nearly 99% of prostate cancer patients we treated with brachytherapy remain disease-free at five years. At the 10-year mark, 92.3% of patients are disease-free, and none have died from prostate cancer after receiving brachytherapy treatment.
Am I Eligible for Prostate Brachytherapy?
The best candidates for prostate brachytherapy are men with:
- A PSA of less than 20
- A Gleason score of 7 or lower
- Cancer confined to the prostate
For patients with more advanced prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend brachytherapy plus external beam radiation.
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